Gardening times

Spring is coming and with it, the time to start gardening again. We start to prepare everything and to decide what kind of vegetables, fruits, herbs and other we want for our gardens. We also revised our compost and need to think about which will be the best way to distribute everything. For this, we have chosen to follow the principles of the permaculture.

Why permaculture? Because is based on the ethical principles (care for the earth, care for people and fair share) taking into account the rules of the nature for making their own designs with less effort, which achieves the maximum effect.

Permaculture is a concept created by Bill Morrison and David Holmgren and means permanent agriculture, and by the time, this concept developed to permanent culture, which covers all aspects of life. Nowadays, it also takes into account the personal, economical, social and political reorganization.

Permaculturists are inspired by observing nature and thus they rely upon natural patterns. As in many other great cultures, permaculture can be seen trough 5 elements (wáter, soil, energy, air and people), which overlap with each other and create a web of life which is nicely presented by the holistic, permaculture flower.

Following this principles and because we want to reuse everything, we continuous with the compost and the warms help this to make hummus, perfect for our garden. Following the principles of permaculture, we don’t use any chemicals trying to help the planet and avoid the climate change, the loss of biodiversity or other problems like intensive chemical agriculture.

      

As well you can use the compost from the dry toilets, but we prefer use this for plan trees and no the aliments. As well, the animals are an important part of this system. They provide us shit (manure), that we use for fertilizing the soil, then they help cleaning the land and as well are a source of products (like eggs, milk, etc).

Permaculture can be implemented in every country and every place. Actually 120 countries are practicing that and is possible follow the principles as well in the city, all is just creativity. It is possible to plant on balconies, roofs, sharing plot of land with neighbors, buying local, recycling, participating in consume cooperatives…

There are many available resources on internet about permaculture and we invited you to check the next links if you are more interesting about that 🙂

http://permaculture.org.au/

http://permaculture.wikia.com/wiki/Permaculture_Wiki

Institute for permaculture http://permakultura.org/

www.permaculture-media-download.com

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VxJDCy9BjFQ&feature=related

And as well with some pictures about the permaculture course that Bruno and Ivan give to us:

            

And finally, we want to let you know that in Crotia, permaculture movement is rapidly growing. Institute for permaculture was founded last year, while there are several interested permaculture places which can be visited:

EIA http://www.eia.hr/

Recycled Estate http://www.zmag.hr/

Latinovac http://www.latinovac.org/

Zoe

A story of pooh

“What a strange title or an article” you might think. But actually it’s perfectly serious and everything except a joke 😉 I’m really talking about pooh, and even about YOUR pooh. Yes, that’s an important topic and you should think about it!

This topic can seem to be crude, bestial, without interest or even provocative. But this is in reality a very basic idea, which taking us back to our body in its simplest condition: the cycle of food and digestion, and thus of life. Everyday or so, sometimes more than once, we feel the need to empty our bowels. But where are we doing that? And what happen next?

For this fascinating topic, let’s start with some basic and concrete data: a human being produces more than 6 tons of excrement in his life. A 70-year-old person spent in average 6 months of his existence in the bathroom (and a constipated person more than double). We expel between 1 to 3 times a day, and a “normal” pooh weight from 100 to 300g. So everyday on the planet 12 million tons of human pooh are produced. This production is the second after cows’. And I’m not even talking about liters of pee! So, what can we do with all this?

Most of the time, we do not talk about that. This is a “taboo” topic that everybody avoid. However, if we agree to consider our excrement not as waste but as natural part in the cycle of life, we can start to think about it in a more constructive way and see it as a material which is possible to reuse. Therefore, the pooh is not anymore a waste but a resource that we should learn to manage.

Around the world, people go to pooh in various places: it can be just outside, in the street or in the nature, in a simple hole… But a lot of curious people have a quite strange habit: going to pee/pooh in drinkable water! And thus, they waste each time 3 to 10 liters (depends of their system) of this water, enjoying to forget everything about what they’ve just done, not caring at all about what will happen next.

But what about the sewage systems and treatment centers which use a lot of energy?
What about the marine pollution?
What about the disruption of soil systems by pipelines?
What about the 200 million tons of human waste ending in rivers each year?
And of course, what about this water which could be saved and used just for living?

One very simple solution to this problem is… compost toilets! Like those we have in Postaja. They are just a receptacle where you can go to do what you have to do and then you cover all that with just sand, ash or sawdust. Yes, like for your cat 🙂

Then, the magic of life happens with these feces: the water (90% of the matter) evaporates, a small amount of solid matter is left behind and decomposes and creates compost. Compost which can be used as a very good fertilizer for plants, trees…

Compost toilets use no water, they are not connected to sewage systems and produce compost, which is a wonderful resource for your garden. Isn’t that amazing? 😉

And don’t think that compost toilets are only for people living in the countryside and ready to go in a small house in their garden. It’s perfectly possible to have compost toilets in a flat!

Eat – Go to pooh – Compost – Use your compost for gardening – Eat the vegetables from your garden – Go to pooh …

Circle of life!
KK power!

Amelie

Vegy Hamburguer!

This month arrived a big box with home-made veggie food such as tofu, seitan, tempeh, black-olive paste etc. I was really excited, because I really like to cook and since I moved here I wanted to make this veggie hamburger which is presented in this text 🙂

The reason for to buy veggie food, is not only because it is really tasty 😀 (if you know the way for to cook that), it is as well because the consumption of meat is one of the most important causes of the global warming. According FAO, meat and dairy production, contributes to greenhouse gas emissions with 18%. Meat production not only contributes to climate change and land degradation but is also a cause of air and water pollution and biodiversity loss. One study showed that more than 45,000 lives a year could be saved if everyone ate meat no more than two or three times a week.

There are many ways how individuals can make changes that will benefit to the environment, climate and future generations. Veggie food is one of those choices…

vegy hamburger

But not all the veggie-food respect the environment. There is one more important thing that you need to know before to start to buy veggie products. Not all the soya, oats and cereals are eco-friendly.

There is a huge deforestation going on in the Amazon in order to provide land for to plant this kind of plants, which are then being sold as BIO or VEGGIE in the markets all around the world. Forest destruction, including additional gas emissions due to carbon that was absorbed in the trees, pollution and injustice done to the local communities in those regions are just a few, but sufficient reasons for all to think  about what we it and where it comes from.

The food that we buy from our friends from Zagreb (Naruči kod nas) is mostly eco-friendly and home-made and here is the recipe I would like to recommend as eco-friendly meal.

Recipe (that I learn from one friend of mine):

Ingredients:

  •  500gr tofu
  •  420gr. oats
  •  2 spoons of chickpeas flour (or normal flour if you don’t have chickpeas)
  •  3 spoons of tamari or soya sauce
  •  breadcrumbs
  •  parsley
  •  paprika
  •  pepper

Preparation:

Destroy the soft tofu. Put the oats with a little hot water and the tree spoons of soya or tamari sauce. When the oats are soft, mix with the tofu and the flour. Wait 20 minutes and then mix with the spices and a little breadcrumbs. Make the hamburgers and passes for flour. Then, you can fry or if you don’t want to eat in the moment, or if you want to conserve, you can put in the freezer.

Dobar Tek! 🙂

Zoe and Helena